Minute Book 3: 1727-September: The Six Nations Will Defend Oswego From Attacks by Native Nations; Problems Continue At the New Fort

The Schuyler brothers (Peter and Philip) returned from Onondaga with Laurence Claessen on September 2d and reported on the meeting there. The Commissioners of Indian Affairs enclosed the report in a letter to Governor Burnet in which they said the trip had met with success, but there is no copy of the report itself in the records.  The commissioners immediately sent Laurence back to tell the Six Nations that George II had succeeded George I as King of Great Britain.  He was also instructed to prevent the Onondagas from going to war against the Flatheads by telling them that the French were encouraging it in order to get them out of the way and then destroy them. Claessen was also told to encourage the Onondagas to defend Fort Oswego if anyone attacked it and to learn what messages the French had been sending the Six Nations.  Guysbert Van Brakel Junior went with Laurence at the commissioners’ expence.

On September 13th, the commissioners met with the Onondaga sachim Teganissorens (written here as D’ Kannasorie) and a Cayuga sachim named Ondariagen, who brought information backed by seven bands of wampum that “a nation Called the Jenontadies who live at le detroit,” (the Tionontaties or Petun) had concluded a peace with the “Waganhoes,” the Iroquois term for Anishinaabeg peoples. The Waganhoes promised to maintain the alliance they had made with New York and the Six Nations and turn down any requests by the Governor of Canada to take up the hatchet against them.

The record of this meeting reveals what happened when the Schuyler brothers went to Onondaga. The Six Nations agreed to send messengers to “the Indians liveing at & near Canada” to tell them that the Six Nations had decided to defend Fort Oswego if any Indian nation attacked it, but the English and the French would have to fight it out on their own if a conflict broke out between them.  Teganissorens said that the messengers were about to set out when he left home. The commissioners told them about the death of King George I and the succession of King George II, Laurence’s mission to stop the excursion against the Flatheads, and recent letters exchanged between the governors of Canada and New York.

The commissioners posted three Indians (not named) to Lake St. Sacrement (Champlain) to find out what the news was from Canada. As they wrote to the governor, it made them uneasy that no Indians from Canada had been to Albany, suggesting that the French order not to come there was effective and the French might be planning some mischief.

Fort Oswego continued to have problems. The river was still low. It was expensive to transport provisions and some soldiers had deserted and were in custody.  The commissioners thanked Governor Burnet for his support in maintaining the garrison, to which he had sent bedding and provisions. They kept him informed him about the situation and promised to send him an accounting of expenses as soon as possible.  At the request of the Palatines who had the contract for delivering provisions to Oswego, Johan Jurch Kast and Johan Joost Petri, the commissioners sent six men to repair the road at the Oneida Carrying Place.  Captain Holland went to Schenectady to see the soldiers when they finally embarked in ten batoes along with five men assigned to stay at Oswego, where they would  be employed to transport provisions.

Oswego2_DeleryExc

Detail from De Lery map of 1727 showing boats and canoes as well as the new building at the mouth of the Oswego River.

In Library and Archives Canada’s digital copy of the original minutes, the first entry for September 1727 starts here on p. 202. The transcription is below.

[0407] 202

(57

Albany the 5th Septemb. 1727

May it please your Excel.cy

This comes to Acquaint your Excellency that Captain

Philip Schuyler & his brother Peter Schuyler with Lauren[ce]

Returd here [illeg.] on the Second Instant from Onnongo their p[r]=

=oceedings And good Sucess will appear to your Excel.cy by the inclo=

=sed proopositions which we Dout not but will be pleasing to your Ex.cy

we have thought it Nesesary according to the old Custum to acq.t

the Six Nations of Indians with the Decease of his Late Majesty

King George of blessed memory and the Succession of his pre=

=sent Majesty our Sovereign Lord King George the Second on

ye throne in Order to which we Shall Dispatch Lourence

up to the Six Nations & also give him Directions to Endea=

=vor to Stop ye. Onnondages from their resolution wh. they have

taken by the nistigation of the french to go to war against

the flattheads wh. we Conceive is the polacy of the french

to gett ym. from home & out of the way but we hope we

may Defeat their Designs they maght undertake against the

building at Osweego, & we have good bacon [sic] to believe Such

Since the Indians have taken Such prime & loyall Resolution to

our intrest as appears by the Inclosed proposition,

We Shall not be wanting in Sending up the provisions

& to [illeg.] you Ex.cys orders & Directions & Milarge by our

Next we remain with Due respect

 

[0408] 202a

58)

By the Commiss.es of Indian Affairs

at Albany 9 Septemb. 1727

[See Wraxall p. 171]

Instructions for Mr. Lourence Claese the Interpreter

You are hereby Directed to go fourthwith to the sachims of

the Six nations to acquaint them at their Severall Castles

of the Decease of his late Majesty King george of glorious

Memory, & that his son the high & Mighty Prince George of

Wales Is now his Successor to the Imperiall Crowns of great

Britain France & Ireland to whom they are to pay all Sub=

=mission & Alligance,

You are to Endeavour to Stop ye. Onnondages from

their Resolution wh. (we hear) they have taken by the Instiga=

=tion of the french to go to war ag.t the flatt heads, which you

Must tell them the french do with an Intent to get ym

from home out of the way or by these means to destroy and

Deminish ym. If possible,

You are to Incourage ym. to presist in their good resolu=

=tion wh. they have taken to Defend the house at Osweege If

any french or Indians might Attack it,

You must Enquire what french massages have

lately been sent among the Six Nations & what the purport

of ym. Are, whether at ye. Sinnekes Country are any of the

other Castles & if any thing might happen whilst you are a=

=mong the Indians wh. we Cant foresee at psent you are to

Act in it as you Judge will be most [humble – crossed out] for his majes=

=ty intrest given under our hands in albany ye. 9th. September 1727

Philip Livingston

Myndert Schuyler

Pieter Van Brugh

Harmanus Wendell

Reyer Gerritse

Rutger Bleecker

 

[0409] 203

(59

Resolved that three Indians be Sent to the lake

St. Sacrement to See whether there be any Indians by

Whom they may learn what news there be at Canada we

[hope – crossed out] not hveing had Intelligence from thence this long

time, & yt. yt. Charges thereof be pd. by the Com.es Agreed with

Guysbert Vn. Brakel Ju.r to go with Lourence Claese to the 6

Nations for three pound twelve Shillings p.r Month

lb.

28        Bread               2 ps. Tapes

[illeg.] bacon                25 shirts

Keg rum                      12 ails

2 Doz Knives

 

Att A Meeting of the Com.es of the Indian

affairs In Albany the 13th. Day of Sep.b 1727

[Not in Wraxall]

Present

Philp Livingston

Myndert Schuyler

Peter Vn. Brugh

Rutger Bleecker

Stephanus Groesbeeck

Harmanus Wendell

Nicolaes Bleecker

D’ Kannasorie a Sachim of onnondage & Ondariagen a

Sachim of Cayouge being Arrivd at place Say by 7 bands of wampum

That the Sachims from a Nation Called the Jenontadies who

live at le detroit yt. we Sent Messengers to ye Waganhoes [&?]

far Nations to make peace are Safely returnd home yt. they

had Concluded a peace but the term were not yet Known

That the nations of Waganhoes Say yt. they will firm=

=ly keep to all Alligance they have made with this Govermt. as

the brethren of the 6 Nations do & will refuse the hatchet of

war if the Governt. of Canada offer & Desire ym. to take

it up Agt. ye. English or Six Nations

 

[0410] 203a

60)

That what ye Sachims had promisd Capt. Philip

Schuyler when he was at Onnondage yt. one of Each nation

should be Sent with a Message to the Indians liveing at & near

Canada that the Six Nations have resolved to Defend the

house at Oswege against them if they Should offer to molest

it, but that the English & french might oppose one another

  1. messengers D. Kanasorie says were ready to go when he

Came from home,

They Say they have no other news of moment to acqut. the brethren

with & desire ye. Com.s to acqt. ym. what news ye. Com.es acq.ted ym ye Decese

of his late majesty king George of Glorious memory & yt. his

Son prince George of wales is proclaimd King of Great britain

&c. yt. his present majesty is very well belovd of all his Subjects,

That Lourence Claese ye. Interpreter is Sent to ye 6 na=

=tions to Acqt. ym. of ye. decease of his late Maj.ty & yt. he is

to Endeavour to Stop the Onnondages who we are Informd &

prepared to go out a fighting by ye. Influence of ye. Gov.r of Canada

We Acquainted Sd. two Sachims with ye. Contents a let=

=ter to Gov.r of Canada write to his Ex.cy our Gov.r & his answer

Johan Jurch Kast & Johan Jost Petri Inform this

board yt. the Road from the maquse River to ye. Sd. wood creek

On ye. Onneyde Carrying place is very much out of repair and

Impractable to ride over a load provisions, or a batoe if it be

not repaird with all Speed they Cant perform their agreemt.

to deliver ye. provisions at ye. wood Creek for the Detatchmt at Oswego.

Resolved yt. 6 men be had to repair ye. Sd. [wood – crossed out] road

As soon as may be on acct. of the publick yt. ye. provisions &c. may

be Transported to Osweego if it be not paid soon yt. the Com.s

of Indian Affairs Ingage for ye. paymt. of the Same —

 

[0411] 204

(61

Albany 13.th Sep.t 1727

[Not in Wraxall]

May it please your Excel.cy

We have been honourd with your Excel.cys acceptable

Letters of ye. 22th & 24th of august ye. bedding & provisions were

Sent up Directly to Schinnechtady pease wheat meal & what

Other Necessaries yt. may be wanting for ye. Detachmt. at

Oswego shall be Supployd & provided by us we hear yt. the

Soldiers and men we hird to go up thither with ye. provisions

have had a fetaque in Getting forwd. Reason of ye. low water

in the wood Creek we Expect to get four batoes ready

before ye. men can Come back with ye. Other, its a great

pleasure for us to See yt. Your Excel.cy is So hearty to main=

=tain and keep the Garryson at Osweege we Shall not be

wanting in any thing for promoting so good a work the

batoes wh. remain at the house will be better for putting in

pease & meal, where yt. Capt. Banker has gott the pork bar=

=rel Cleand & filld with water its no Diffecult matter

for the men there to make a good port Cully to fall down

upon Occasion within ye. door we Shall give Directions about it

Capt. Nicolls has Sent us a Memorandum for Severall

Necessaries wanting at Oswege wh. we Shall provide & Send p the

first batoes that Shall go up thither

We hear no manner of Intelligence from Canada wh. makes

us Uneasy what is hatching there the french must Certainly have

a great Command and Influence over their Indians yt. they Can

Keep ym So Close yt. not one Single one Should Come hither

we have orderd three Indians from Schinechtady to Lake St.

Sacremt. to See us if no Canada Indians are hunting there & if

they find none they are to go forwd. to Canada & ye. other is to come back

The road & bridges on the Carrying place are So bad yt its

Impractable to ride Over ye. provisions & batoes, we have desird

  1. Justices among ye. palatines to hire men to go & repair ye.

Same

[0413] 204b

Albany 28 Sept 1727

May it please your Ex.cy

We are honoured with your Ex.cys favours of ye 23th Instant

p Capt. Ingoldsby. the deserters are Securd in ye fort here. Capt. holland is gone

to Schinechtady to see ye Detachmt. Imbark in 10 batoes from [hence] . 5 men who are to             Stay [illeg.] at

Osweege are to go with the [detachmt – crossed out] and more [will = crossed out] Shall    be hird if

they be wanting to bring up Provisions. we cant Suppose yt. ye Assembly

[sh]all suffer to let any thing fall on y.r Ex.cy. the accounts Shall be

[?]bus as soon as they can be gott in. if no more come wel Send those

[have gott in – crossed out] have by us. we cant gett them all while there is

[da]yly some Expenecs. we Shall Eniarge in current mean while

[we] Remain with Great Esteem & Respect

P L St. Gr

N B RG PL

 

 

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About hopefulwanderer

Writer, researcher, archivist, etc. @ahhunter
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